Bronchitis

Bronchitis

Bij normale ademhaling gaat er lucht via de neus en de luchtpijp naar steeds kleiner wordende luchtwegen, de bronchiën. De bronchiën vertakken zich tot bronchioli en uiteindelijk tot kleine trosjes dunne, tere zakjes, de longblaasjes (medische benaming: alveoli).

Bronchitis is een ontsteking van de bronchiën. Wanneer de weefselcellen van de bekleding van de bronchiën bovenmatig geïrriteerd raken, werken de kleine trilhaartjes (cilia) niet meer, die in normale gevallen verontreinigende stoffen opvangen en uit de weg ruimen. Als reactie hierop wordt de slijmproductie hoger, en dit slijm veroorzaakt de karakteristieke bronchitishoest. De ontsteking kan worden veroorzaakt door virussen, bacteriën, roken of het inhaleren van vervuilende chemicaliën of stof.


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